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あとで (After)

Description:

The grammar of "〜あとで" in Japanese is used to indicate that an action will be done after another action or event. It is similar to saying "after (doing something)" or "later."


V(タ形) + あとで

This pattern is used to express that an action will take place after another action has been completed. It is formed by using the past tense (タ形) of a verb followed by あとで. The action indicated by the verb in the past tense is the first event, and the action that follows, indicated by あとで, is the second event.


For Example:

テストが終わった後で、パーティーを開きます。

(tesuto ga owatta ato de, paatii o hirakimasu)

"After the test is over, we will have a party."


昨日の晩ご飯を食べた後で、歯を磨きます。

(kinou no bangohan o tabeta ato de, ha o migakimasu)

"After eating dinner last night, I brushed my teeth."


仕事が終わった後で、買い物に行きます。

(shigoto ga owatta ato de, kaimono ni ikimasu)

"After work, I will go shopping."


本を読み終えた後で、映画を見るつもりです。

(hon o yomi oeta ato de, eiga o miru tsumori desu)

"After finishing reading the book, I plan to watch a movie."


雨がやんだ後で、公園に行きましょう。

(ame ga yanda ato de, kouen ni ikimashou)

"Let's go to the park after the rain stops."


授業が終わった後で、図書館で勉強します。

(jugyou ga owatta ato de, toshokan de benkyou shimasu)

"After class, I will study at the library."


昼ご飯を食べた後で、お茶を飲みます。

(hirugohan o tabeta ato de, ocha o nomimasu)

"After lunch, I will drink tea."


運動をした後で、シャワーを浴びます。

(undou o shita ato de, shawaa o abimasu)

"After exercising, I will take a shower."


映画を見た後で、感想を書きます。

(eiga o mita ato de, kansou o kakimasu)

"After watching the movie, I will write my impressions."


試験が終わった後で、旅行に行く予定です。

(shiken ga owatta ato de, ryokou ni iku yotei desu)

"After the exam is over, I plan to go on a trip."



N + のあとで

This pattern is used to indicate that one event or action will occur after another noun. It is formed by placing の before あとで. The first noun describes the first event, and the action or event that follows, indicated by あとで, is the second event.


For Example:

食事のあとで、デザートを食べます。

(shokuji no ato de, dezaato o tabemasu)

"After the meal, I will eat dessert."


会議のあとで、資料を送ります。

(kaigi no ato de, shiryou o okurimasu)

"After the meeting, I will send the documents."


旅行の準備のあとで、荷物をまとめます。

(ryokou no junbi no ato de, nimotsu o matomemasu)

"After preparing for the trip, I will pack my luggage."


テストのあとで、採点があります。

(tesuto no ato de, saiten ga arimasu)

"After the test, there will be grading."


誕生日のあとで、プレゼントをもらいました。

(tanjoubi no ato de, purezento o moraimashita)

"After my birthday, I received a present."


大雨のあとで、道路が冠水しました。

(ooame no ato de, douro ga kansui shimashita)

"After heavy rain, the road was flooded."


秋のあとで、冬がやってきます。

(aki no ato de, fuyu ga yattekimasu)

"After autumn, winter comes."


仕事のあとで、友達と飲みに行きます。

(shigoto no ato de, tomodachi to nomi ni ikimasu)

"After work, I will go out for drinks with friends."


旅行のあとで、写真を整理します。

(ryokou no ato de, shashin o seiri shimasu)

"After the trip, I will organize the photos."


昼寝のあとで、目が覚めました。

(hirune no ato de, me ga samemashita)

"After a nap, I woke up."

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