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〜がほしい I want

The grammatical structure 〜がほしい is used in Japanese to express a desire or want for something. It typically follows a noun and conveys that the speaker wants the noun mentioned. Here's a detailed breakdown:

Structure


Noun + がほしい

Description

  • : This particle marks the subject of the desire.

  • ほしい: This adjective means "to want" or "to desire."


Usage

  • When you want to express that you or someone else wants something, you place the noun that is desired before がほしい.

  • It's commonly used in the first person (e.g., "I want...") or to inquire about someone else's desires (e.g., "Do you want...?").

  • In polite or formal contexts, 〜がほしい is often avoided in favor of more indirect expressions.


Examples


1. 友達(ともだち)がほしいです。

- Translation: I want a friend.

- Romaji: Tomodachi ga hoshii desu.

- Explanation: "友達" (tomodachi - friend) is the noun desired, followed by がほしい (ga hoshii) to express the desire for a friend.


2. 彼女(かのじょ)は新しい服(ふく)がほしいです。

- Translation: She wants new clothes.

- Romaji: Kanojo wa atarashii fuku ga hoshii desu.

- Explanation: "新しい服" (atarashii fuku - new clothes) is the noun desired, followed by がほしい (ga hoshii) to indicate her desire.


3. 私は休(やす)みがほしいです。

- Translation: I want a break.

- Romaji: Watashi wa yasumi ga hoshii desu.

- Explanation: "休み" (yasumi - break) is the noun desired, followed by がほしい (ga hoshii) to express the speaker's desire for a break.


4. このカメラがほしいです。

- Translation: I want this camera.

- Romaji: Kono kamera ga hoshii desu.

- Explanation: "このカメラ" (kono kamera - this camera) is the noun desired, followed by がほしい (ga hoshii) to express the desire for the camera.


5. 彼(かれ)は犬(いぬ)がほしいです。

- Translation: He wants a dog.

- Romaji: Kare wa inu ga hoshii desu.

- Explanation: "犬" (inu - dog) is the noun desired, followed by がほしい (ga hoshii) to indicate his desire for a dog.


6. 子供たちはお菓子(おかし)がほしいです。

- Translation: The children want sweets.

- Romaji: Kodomotachi wa okashi ga hoshii desu.

- Explanation: "お菓子" (okashi - sweets) is the noun desired by the children, followed by がほしい (ga hoshii) to express their desire for sweets.


7. 彼女(かのじょ)は新しい携帯電話(けいたいでんわ)がほしいと言(い)っています。

- Translation: She says she wants a new cellphone.

- Romaji: Kanojo wa atarashii keitaidenwa ga hoshii to itteimasu.

- Explanation: "新しい携帯電話" (atarashii keitaidenwa - new cellphone) is the noun desired, followed by がほしい (ga hoshii) to express her stated desire.


8. 私たちは平和(へいわ)がほしいです。

- Translation: We want peace.

- Romaji: Watashitachi wa heiwa ga hoshii desu.

- Explanation: "平和" (heiwa - peace) is the noun desired, followed by がほしい (ga hoshii) to express the collective desire for peace.


9. 何(なに)がほしいですか?

- Translation: What do you want?

- Romaji: Nani ga hoshii desu ka?

- Explanation: "何" (nani - what) is the noun in question, followed by がほしい (ga hoshii) to ask what the other person wants.


10. もっとお金(おかね)がほしいです。

- Translation: I want more money.

- Romaji: Motto okane ga hoshii desu.

- Explanation: "もっとお金" (motto okane - more money) is the noun desired, followed by がほしい (ga hoshii) to express the desire for more money.


11. 彼女(かのじょ)は安(やす)らぎがほしいと言(い)いました。

- Translation: She said she wants peace of mind.

- Romaji: Kanojo wa yasuragi ga hoshii to iimashita.

- Explanation: "安らぎ" (yasuragi - peace of mind) is the noun desired, followed by がほしい (ga hoshii) to indicate her desire.


These additional examples should further illustrate how 〜がほしい is used to express desires in various contexts.

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